Organizing people into mutual aid associations for economic purposes. The main types are agricultural, consumer, credit, housing, marketing, artisan, supply and multi-purpose. The organization will vary according to the goals of the cooperative but generally ownership is by members, and management is hired or appointed by owners, councils or congresses.
The cooperative form of economic enterprise gives much closer control of management to owners. It saves members money and in many forms makes otherwise unviable economic ventures viable. People of varying financial circumstances can invest as little or as much as they wish in a cooperative venture to their benefit and/or to the benefit of society. The profits are distributed relative to the investment. Investment may take a variety of forms - money, goods, reduced costs, decreased effort for the same or a greater level of profit. Through investments of the profits cooperatives can have a powerful effect on mainstream economic enterprises through actually achieving a share of the ownership of these and affecting their policy and direction. They may also increase their share of the marketplace by reducing competition among themselves.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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