Benefiting public health Fostering public health Improving public health Improving public health conditions
Results of the survey (published 2002) of the health status of people living in 175 countries revealed that Belgium is the healthiest country in the world. Eight of the nine remaining top ten countries went to Iceland, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Italy and Norway, while the only non-European country to achieve top-ten status was Australia who ranked joint tenth with Germany and Denmark. The USA only managed 17th place and the UK came 23rd. To calculate the rankings researchers assessed the health status of citizens by determining how much the country spent on health and examining health indicators such a life expectancy, maternal and infant death rates, and immunization rates. The findings suggest that spending large amounts of money on health does not always lead to a healthy population. The researchers behind the survey believe that this is because people in richer countries tend to opt for curative rather than preventative medicine.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.