Violation of freedom from being tried twice for the same charges Cumulation of convictions Multiple convictions for a single criminal act Multiple liability for an identical criminal act Overlapping criminal liability
In some jurisdictions, defendants may be convicted or punished for more than one crime arising out of a single act, where that act involves several distinctly defined crimes (eg murder and battery). A single act may be understood as resulting from a single or primary objective. Different acts constituting different crimes may often be committed closely together and for related reasons (eg burglary followed by larceny). When such crimes are treated as distinct, punishment is then imposed which is disproportionate to the defendants' actual blameworthiness.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.