Confusion of the symptoms of one animal disease with those of another may lead to insufficient control or the wrong treatment being used for a disease which may become epizootic, or may cause unnecessarily severe treatment for a disease which could be controlled without incurring losses from slaughter. Doubt about the nature of disease in the first instance may lead to delay in treatment, allowing the disease to become more virulent.
Foot-and-mouth disease symptoms have been confused with those of swine vesicular disease, causing unnecessary slaughter (UK December 1972). Confusion of these two diseases the other way round could lead to the outbreak and rapid spread of foot-and-mouth disease. Other diseases which can be confused with foot-and-mouth disease are bluetongue, epizootic haemorrhagic disease, mucosal disease, rinderpest, and malignant catarrhal fever.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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