A violation of law is any act (or, less commonly, failure to act) that fails to abide by existing law. Violations generally include both crimes and civil wrongs. Some acts, such as fraud, can violate both civil and criminal laws.
Civil law violations usually lead to civil penalties like fines, criminal offenses to more severe punishments.
The severity of the punishment should reflect the severity of the violation (retributive justice). In realistic situations and for minor violations, however, altruistic punishment was shown not 'to fit the crime'.This subdivision is similar to the distinction between misdemeanours, and felonies.
Other examples of violations of law include:Infraction, in United States law, minor or petty offenses that do not require jury trial. In common usage, "violations" are treated as synonymous with infraction. Willful violation, in U.S. law an act with intentional disregard for a regulation, statute and policy Infringement, various violations of laws or rights, usually used in the context of intellectual property e.g. copyright violation Breach of contract Probation violation against traffic rules Moving violation, any violation of law committed by a driver while the vehicle is in motion Parking violation, parking a motor vehicle in a restricted place or an unauthorized manner