Divorce may not be recognized under any circumstances (Roman Catholic doctrine) or, where the consent or the representation of both parties is necessary under the law, may not be granted if consent is not forthcoming from one party. The refusal of divorce may lead to a conjugal status outside the law (bigamous marriage, cohabitation, adultery), the children of which will be illegitimate; and both parents and children of such unions may forfeit legal rights.
Divorce is not recognized in Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain, where the Catholic religion is very strong. Judicial separation, which is allowed, does not enable the spouses to remarry. Individuals may refuse to consent to divorce for reasons of economic security and status of children (mainly in the case of women) or because of the cost (mainly in the case of men). Under Israeli law, divorce requires mutual consent of the husband and wife. A man separated from his wife can begin a second relationship and even commit bigamy legally but a woman is branded as an adulteress, can lose custody of her children and any new children born from that relationship are bastards who can only marry other bastards.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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