Problem

Rumour

Other Names:
Rumour-mongering
Unfounded conflicting stories
Nature:

A rumor (American English) or rumour (British English; see spelling differences) is "a tall tale of explanations of events circulating from person to person and pertaining to an object, event, or issue in public concern."

In the social sciences, a rumor involves some kind of a statement whose veracity is not quickly or ever confirmed. In addition, some scholars have identified rumor as a subset of propaganda. Sociology, psychology, and communication studies have widely varying definitions of rumor.

Rumors are also often discussed with regard to "misinformation" and "disinformation" (the former often seen as simply false and the latter seen as deliberately false, though usually from a government source given to the media or a foreign government). Rumors thus have often been viewed as particular forms of other communication concepts.

Incidence:
Rumours are highly influential in determining buying and selling patterns on financial markets. Professional investors and speculators rely primarily on rumours in anticipation of hard facts. For them perceptions are more important than reality. Professional traders, communicating instantaneously around the world, are central to the spread of rumours vital to the stability of the global financial system. They must act on rumours or lose their competitive advantage.

In 1996 in Colombia, a panic was caused by a Christian fundamentalist rumour that the Antichrist was arriving and would mark or remove any unbaptized children.

The Internet has become the prime medium for the circulation of rumours on every conceivable subject, notably with regard to conspiracy theories.

Claim:
Rumour, an unsubstantiated tale heard and retold as fact, is the cause of malignment of individuals and nations, death and injury due to panic in public events and confusion and misdirection in public and private life.
Narrower Problems:
Rumour-mongering by scientists
Related Problems:
Email chain letter hoaxes
Values:
Conflict
Problem Type:
F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update
16.06.2018 – 11:06 CEST
Web Page(s):