Protecting rights of indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples all over the world have sufferred greatly under colonialism and many continue to suffer to varrying degrees under the countries whose borders they live in. Currently, there are some 5,000 distinct indigenous peoples in the world, living in more than 70 countries and representing 4% (250 million people) of the world's population. Their rights need to be respected.

Indigenous peoples and nationalities have a long history of resistance against the destruction provoked by capitalism. Today, they are confronted with the neo-liberal globalisation project as an instrument of transnational and financial capital for neo-colonisation and extermination. These new actors of the globalisation process are violently invading the last refuges of indigenous peoples, violating their territories, habitats and resources, destroying their ways of life, and often perpetrating their genocide. The nation states are permitting and actively encouraging these violations in spite of their commitment to respect indigenous peoples' rights, reflected in diverse declarations, agreements and conventions.

The fights of indigenous peoples to defend their lands (including the subsoil) and their forms of living, are leading to a growing repression against them and to the militarisation of their territories, forcing them to sacrifice their lives or their liberty. This struggle will continue until the right of indigenous peoples to territorial autonomy is fully respected throughout the world.
The Native population of the New World has plummeted from an estimated 60 to 70 million people five hundred years ago (roughly as much as Europe's population at the time) to only 4 million today. The conquest of the Americas by European colonists represents human history's greatest genocide.
Type Classification:
E: Emanations of other strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality