Cooperating on cost-effect analysis and environmental impact procedures
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (C-E analysis) endeavours to analyse the cost and the effects of programmes, projects or activities. At the design stage, the purpose of the analysis is normally to identify the lowest cost alternative that will achieve specified objectives. At the monitoring and evaluation stage, the purpose is to analyse what has been achieved at what cost. In both cases, the analysis will have to proceed in four or more steps, a) identifying and quantifying the outputs, b) costing the resources that have gone into producing these outputs, c) identifying indicators that will tell whether the stated objectives have been achieved and d) assessing to what extent it is the actual programme or project that will have, or has had, the desired or observed effect on the indicators. For the input-output comparison, the inputs are valued in monetary terms while the outputs are expressed in non-monetary terms, either physical or some other measurable entity.
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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