The World Bank encourages bilateral aid agencies and official export credit and banking institutions to link their financing with the Bank's. It depends largely on the borrower what type of partner is involved with the World Bank in a particular case. Lenders able to offer concessional terms are the main cofinancing sources for poorer countries while commercial banks and official export credit agencies normally act as cofinanciers for creditworthy developing countries. Although in the 1980s it was only a small proportion of lending, export credit cofinancing may play a bigger role in the future, given the constraints on official aid and the caution with which commercial banks are approaching increased international exposure. The systematic approach developed by the World Bank aims to help borrowers secure export credits in larger volumes and possibly on better terms and it is also developing cofinancing arrangements with commercial banks.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.