The World Bank encourages bilateral aid agencies and official export credit and banking institutions to link their financing with the Bank's. It depends largely on the borrower what type of partner is involved with the World Bank in a particular case. Lenders able to offer concessional terms are the main cofinancing sources for poorer countries while commercial banks and official export credit agencies normally act as cofinanciers for creditworthy developing countries. Although in the 1980s it was only a small proportion of lending, export credit cofinancing may play a bigger role in the future, given the constraints on official aid and the caution with which commercial banks are approaching increased international exposure. The systematic approach developed by the World Bank aims to help borrowers secure export credits in larger volumes and possibly on better terms and it is also developing cofinancing arrangements with commercial banks.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.