The UN has deployed more than 35 peacekeeping forces and observer missions since 1945 in order to reduce or prevent conflicts from breaking out and/or continuing. In order for it to succeed, and to reflect the changing needs of the community of nations, peace-keeping has to be continually re-invented. The task of peace-keeping is subject to an essential constraint: for peace-keeping to succeed, the parties to a conflict must have the necessary political will to adhere to a peaceful resolution of the conflict, such as ceasefires. Under the concept of peace-enforcing, ceasefires would be kept, wether all parties were in agreement or not, by the presence of armed and determined forces of blue helmets.
The stated objectives of the current Secretary-General of the UN were that the UN would move from peace-keeping to peace-enforcing. In Bosnia and Somalia, the UN Peacekeepers did not fulfill this vision, nor was peacekeeping effective. Future peacekeeping and peace-enforcing missions will be undertaken with the hard learned but invaluable experiences of the above conflicts.
Peace-enforcing can succeed if the UN obtains the political and military backing from its members that it needs. Also, the UN Peacekeeping operational structure needs to be reformed.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
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