The scant auditing resources available in the tax administrations of most developing countries make it impractical to audit more than a small percentage of those from who taxes are due. Systems of withholding tax from current income are therefore one of the most efficient techniques for preventing delinquency and evasion. Withholding is most commonly applied to wage income. It may also be applied to interest and dividends.
An effective withholding scheme requires a small number of readily identifiable payers of income. It is hard to apply to rental income, professional income and small business income where there are as many payers as receivers.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.