Choosing to be childless Childless by choice Avoiding parenthood Eschewing motherhood Refusing to bear children
Women choose not to have children in order to focus on their own life, to have privacy and time for independent thought, to have the freedom to travel, to work, to richly experience the world, and to have more intimate personal relationships with adults. Some regret the missed opportunity for self-knowledge that having children brings; others choose careers which bring them much contact with children; others are happy without that contact at all.
In the 1960s only one women in ten was voluntarily childless in the UK; in the 1990s that figure has risen to one in five.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.