Extending public transport availability to less-populated areas
Private cars are responsible for a significant amount of the world's greenhouse gases. Public transport cuts down the number of cars on the roads, and provides transport to those who cannot afford, wish, or are able to drive a car. In addition, public transport use can relieve road congestion, save time on journeys, and be a less expensive mode of transport. Public transport tends to be developed in densely populated areas, and may be neglected in sparsely populated areas. It may be possible to provide some public transport services to less populated areas by employing alternative methods of operation, for instance, by using voluntary community drivers.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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