Research at the Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations is addressing the phenomenon of long periods of peace in South America since the 1890s and among the West African countries since their independence in the early 1960s. These two different regions of the third world are being compared in order to assess the possibility and quality of peace and explain the dynamics of internation relations among the states in the two regions. The research questions are: (a) how can we explain the maintenance of international peace in South America and in West Africa ? and (b) can peace be maintained among states that do not sustain Western democratic regimes ?
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.