Caring for the terminally ill Providing compassionate care for the dying Disseminating palliative care
Palliative care aims at relieving pain, improving quality of life and reducing the distress of chronically ill or dying patients and their families.
The longer that physicians care for dying patients, the more distressed they are after their death. Physicians can feel a sense of satisfaction in being an important part of a person's quality of life as they were dying, but at the same time, be very distressed that the person has died. In a survey, about one third of the doctors rated the death as having a strong emotional impact. Emotional reactions were associated with length of time they had provided care. Female physicians generally reported more symptoms of grief than did their male counterparts. Emotional support for such doctors is often lacking.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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