Conserving genetic resources of useful forest species
Forested ecosystems, particularly tropical forests, contain some of the world's highest biodiversities and hence, genetic varieties. These are essential elements for the Earth's stability and vitality. Forested genetic conservation, whether in situ (preserving habitat) or ex situ (in genetic storage banks), is hence necessary.
Founded in 1977, the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) became an international agricultural research centre organized under the auspices of the [Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research] (CGIAR). ICRAF intends to develop a [Multipurpose Tree Germplasm Resource Centre] to serve as the worldwide focal point for collection, storage and distribution of priority agroforestry tree species. ICRAF, FAO, IPGRI, and the [Center for International Forestry Research] (CIFOR) and other partners are collaborating on a programme that focuses on [in situ] conservation of the genetic diversity of forest species of major importance, with [ex situ] conservation methods providing complementary and and additional security.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.