Improving creditworthiness of developing countries
The end of the 1980s was a period of transition for many developing countries. During that time, about two thirds of the debt of developing countries had to be rolled over or amortized. Constructive and collaborative actions were undertaken by debtors, creditors, and international agencies with the objective of accelerating the return to creditworthiness of countries pursuing sound economic policies, especially when they had short- to medium-term debt-servicing requirements.
The most important objective in the solution to the debt problem, other than enabling debtor countries to allocate more resources to investment and consumption, is to strengthen their creditworthiness, thus eventually permitting a resumption of voluntary commercial lending. Debtors and creditors alike stand to gain from such an approach. As creditworthiness is restored, the secondary-market discounts on outstanding debt - which exceed 50% for many of the highly indebted countries - would drop. Moreover the debtors, improving growth prospects would enable them to import more from the industrial countries. That would assist in the global correction of external imbalances.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
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