Researching effects of fiscal policy on innovation of environmental technologies
Investigating effects of environmental regulatory policy on diffusion of cleanup technology
Governments should use market mechanisms to encourage actions that work towards the goal of sustainable development. Favourable treatment of investments in clean technologies, within a revenue-neutral tax shift, could speed their introduction. Such instruments will encourage, rather than force, industry to improve and reward companies which pursue good environmental management in keeping with sustainable development, often inducing improvements that go beyond minimum standards.
Many advances which meet social needs or help preserve the environment fail to meet the narrow criteria of return on financial investment. They require appropriate policies and government backing to bring about their benefits.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.