Calling political majority to account Holding administrations accountable Increasing official accountability Stimulating official accountability Requiring official accountability Increasing accountability of government
It is increasingly recognized that governments working in isolation from the rest of society cannot solve the major problems of our time. This implies a need for a new, more participatory kind of democracy: both to encourage greater involvement of the public in bringing about the necessary changes, and to increase the transparency and accountability of the institutions of government and industry. Access to information, participation in decision-making and the right to challenge decisions through the courts are integral elements in that process.
Governments are representative of their people and must also be accountable to them. Political processes must be inclusive, participatory and transparent. Representations or commitments made must be observed and implemented with integrity. People must have the opportunity to voice their opinions when government policies are being formulated. Governments in turn have the responsibility of listening to and implementing the aspirations and defending the concerns of their electorate, those who have delegated power to them. There must be a dialogue, the open disclosure of interests by each party and a discussion of options so that each is aware of the perception and opinions of the other and both can then work cooperatively towards shared goals.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.