The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded five times to the United Nations and its organizations: 1954, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, for tis assistance to European refugees; 1965, UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) for its work in helping save the lives of the world's children; 1969, International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva, for its progress in establishing workers rights and protection; 1981, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, for its assistance to Asian refugees; and 1988, UN Peacekeeping Forces, for its peacekeeping operations. The prize was also awarded to: 1945, Cordel Hull, USA, ex-Secretary of State, for his leadership in establishing the UN; 1949, Lord John Boyd Orr, UK, first Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization; 1950, Ralph Bunche, US, UN Mediator in Palestine (1948), for his leadership in the armistice agreements signed in 1949 by Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria; 1957, Lester Pearson, Canada, ex-secretary of state, President 7th Session of the UN General Assembly, for a lifetime of work for peace and for leading UN efforts to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis; 1961, Dag Hammarskjold, Sweden, Secretary-General of the UN, for his work in helping settle the Congo crisis; and 1974, Dean MacBride, Ireland, UN Commissioner for Namibia.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.