Preparing response strategy for industrial accidents
In 1988, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), launched the Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL) programme, in cooperation with governments and industry. Its main goal is to prevent technological accidents and reduce the impact of those that occur by assisting decision makers and technical personnel to increase community awareness of hazardous installations and potential hazards and to help them develop emergency response plans by disseminating information, training, and the exchanging of information and assistance in the case of emergencies. Currently, APELL has a network of 69 national focal points. UNEP is currently working with IMO to develop specific activities on the prevention of accidents in ports. UNEP, also within the framework of APELL and together with IPCS, WHO/EURO and OECD, has produced guidelines on the role of the health sector in chemical emergency preparedness and response. They will be used by IPCS and WHO regional offices in training activities. Case studies of successful APELL implementations were to be published in 1994.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.