Provision of clinical health services at the district level can be achieved in most countries by expanding training programmes for primary care providers, particularly nurses and midwives; targeting construction funds to improve health posts, health centres and district hospitals; financing ambulances and other vehicles needed for effective emergency transport, together with the necessary radio and telephone networks; and building the capacity to plan and mange health services at the district level and in individual facilities. In many low-income countries, focusing on district health infrastructure will mean limiting new investment in central hospitals and reorienting those facilities toward research and teaching activities that are more relevant to key national health problems.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.