Re-establishing lost purity or creating a higher degree of purity in relation to the transcendent realm (the sacred or ultimate or holy) or to the socio-cultural realm.
Purifying is ritualistic activity which re-establishes "right living" for an individual or a community which has been polluted. Pollution can result from contact with violence, offences against God or contact with evil forces or with unclean objects or with things which are different from the norm.
Purification serves the social group as much or more than it does the individual. It re-establishes the legitimacy of an individual who has transgressed a social norm and thereby re- establishes as meaningful the roles that person plays. It helps maintain solidarity in the group and effectiveness in the community.
Purifying re-establishes order, whether in the soul by confession and doing penance, in the community by expelling alien groups, or in the warrior who must perform extensive rituals after being in contact with the blood of the enemy.
Purifying maintains existing values, but does nothing to create new value screens required by contemporary life.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.