Integrating environmental considerations into lending
The World Bank's Operational Directive on Environmental Assessment was approved in 1989, and expanded in 1991. It is the principal mechanism for taking account of the environmental effects of the Bank's project lending. All prospective Bank projects are screened for potential environmental effects and classified into categories. For instance, category A groups projects with potentially serious environmental damage and require complete Environmental assessments (EAs). Several A category projects have been modified as a result, including re-routing a channel to avoid disruptions to a lagoon, for the Lower Guayas flood control project in Ecuador.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
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