Protecting indigenous habitats and their biological diversity by: a) maintaining and enhancing the net area of remaining indigenous forests and enhancing the ecological integrity of other remaining indigenous ecosystems; and b) promoting the conservation and sustainable management of biological diversity so that the quality of indigenous and productive ecosystems is maintained or enhanced.
Indigenous vegetation has been defined as that vegetation which evolved to a large extent within a country, and hence existed here before the first human settlement.
Indigenous species are mainly conserved through in situ conservation. Sites range from national parks and reserves and local government parks and reserves, through to sites of remnant vegetation on private land, often with no formal protection.
During the 1980s and early 1990s, New Zealand protected significant areas of indigenous forest, or required its sustainable management. More effective protection is now possible for wetlands and many other lowland habitats under the provisions of the Resource Management Act.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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