The [Declaration on Conservation of Flora, Fauna and Their Habitats] adopted by the European Commission for Europe at its 43rd session, stresses the willingness of UN/ECE governments to preserve living natural resources in the interests of present and future generations by maintaining essential ecological processes and life-support systems; preserving genetic diversity; and ensuring sustainable utilization of species and ecosystems. It also provides for the compatibility of economic activities with natural functioning of ecological systems. It further constructs a framework for concerted efforts to conserve flora and fauna particularly threatened and migratory species and their habitats.
The [European Network of Areas of Special Conservation Interest] (ASCI) otherwise known as the [Emerald Network] was first launched in June 1989 when the Standing Committee of the [Bern Convention], in response to an increasing need to protect natural habitats, held a meeting exclusively devoted to habitat conservation within the Convention. The establishment of the Network started with the adoption of Resolution No. 3 (1996), in which the Standing Committee to the Bern Convention resolved to "set up a network ([Emerald Network]) which would include the [Areas of Special Conservation Interest] designated following its Recommendation No. 16".