A number of governments accept a theory that if a company enjoys a monopoly market position it is intrinsically evil, and its operations tend to limit output while maintaining artificially high prices. In capitalist countries anti-trust or anti-monopoly legislation and regulation is enforced in an arbitrary manner, while in socialist and communist countries there is no restraint on government owned monopoly enterprises or on their competition in international trade.
All technologically innovative corporations enjoy a monopoly position for varying periods. Their domination of a market which they themselves created in part allows for a significant return on investment for the venture capital risked. This fuels more investment, more innovation, more jobs, and a growth economy. In developing countries monopolies may provide the thrust to move the country forward.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.