The restriction of access to information on current affairs may take the form of limited government or official information, propaganda, harassment of the press, government secrecy and official secrets, censorship and denial on commercial grounds either to news distributors or receivers. Such restrictions may be imposed by political authorities or by private organizations, or individuals who do not want to cooperate. The result tends to induce ignorance, alienation and apathy and may serve to maintain existing inequalities, injustices and exploitation; to strengthen the effectiveness of indoctrination, government control and dictatorship; and encourage subversive activities. Other ways in which the press can be limited include: legal pressures such as security laws, press laws, criminal codes of libel, and contempt laws; economic and political pressures such as bribes, control of newsprint, leverage of official advertising and control of bank loans; secrecy provisions; direct pressures such as the licensing of journalists, censorship, arrest and/or torture, bombings, forced mergers or closures, disappearances, or the killing of journalists.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.