Limited exchange of skills among developing countries
Inadequate inter-developing country skills flow
The skill-importing developing countries can have the access to skilled manpower on substantially better terms than those offered to the equally skilled personnel from developed countries; access to skill experience more relevant to the economic and cultural basis of their societies; greater choice in the selection of skills and sources; and more, importantly, an assured supply of a variety of skilled people required for the implementation of their industrial programmes. The main reason for the non-realization is the characteristics of the present market context in which the exchange takes place. Information regarding the demand for various skills between developing countries and its diffusion to the job-seekers, recruiting agents and employers are lacking. There is also a lack of linkages of the migration system with the decision-making units in the education and training sectors on the other hand, and with the decision-making process in development planning on the other. The sending countries face such problems as the social cost of "replacement migrants"; occupational immobility and segmentation of the labour market in response to unplanned outflows; imperfect substitution for skilled manpower emigrating in certain sectors; fluctuations in the emigrants' remittances and shortages of specific skills debilitating the over-all economic development. The competition between skill-exporting countries in recruiting specific skills, as well as skill-supplying countries for access to the same markets have reinforced the inefficiency of the market mechanism for the exchange of skills among developing countries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.