The pharmaceutical and medical industries attempt to hinder the reform of laws for testing drugs and medical products, such as blood, so that they may continue to deliver the same products as previously. Having to upgrade products would cut into their profits, they claim.
In 1995 in the USA, the medical industry paid large sums of money to finance politicians' electoral campaigns. These politicians, once elected, then came under pressure from the industry to pass legislature that requires the government to conduct exhaustive cost-benefit analyses before declaring drugs or food to be unsafe. This prevents or delays the removal of old unsafe drugs from the market, and protects the medical companies' profits.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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