Obstruction of administration of justice by undue influence
The influence of those with political power, wealth, social connections, control over career advancement, or connections with those prepared to enforce physical threats, can be used to obstruct or pervert the administration of justice. This may take the form of persuading the competent authorities to drop charges or suppress evidence, or persuading those with evidence not to testify or to perjure themselves. Alternatively efforts may be made to use the evidence, suitably interpreted, to convict an innocent person or ensure that a person only marginally involved takes full responsibility for the crime. Such a scapegoat role may be undertaken voluntarily in exchange for appropriate compensation when then sentence has been completed. Such compensation may take the form of support for the person's family, especially if the sentence involves life imprisonment or death.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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