Increased dependency through development Reduced community capability following reform
The people of rural communities - the educated, the farmers and the others - live together, forming part of the development of two million rural villages and hamlets. However, social and economic development have not yet touched these communities in any significant way; some changes appear to hinder development rather than help it, and plans for others have simply not materialized. For example, land reform may have distributed the land on an equitable basis in some countries, but in many cases it has also limited the use to which land is put; river basins which have been designated for reclamation remain without irrigation; resources and trained personnel leave villages without a corresponding return in services or training. As a result, communities are increasingly dependent on outside programmes and agencies which seem remote and unresponsive.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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