The Brussels 17-18 January 2000 International Workshop on Standby Power - Opportunities and challenges, organised by the European Commission and the International Energy Agency underlined the importance of reducing standby energy losses. National initiatives on reducing standby energy consumption are underway in many industrialised countries. An estimated 8-11% of residential energy consumption accounts for standby energy consumption. Energy efficiency and the need to save energy as part of a strategy to reduce CO2 has become an important policy objective for many countries. Private households are the main challenge to reduce energy use. Energy labels can help to reduce standby energy consumption.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.