A 1995 World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity was released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) containing the results of a survey of 3,882 breeds of 28 species of mostly farm animals. Of the 3,882 breeds, 873 were classified as "at risk," meaning fewer than 1,000 females or 20 breeding males exist. The trend was documented in Europe, where 43 percent of domestic animal breeds were found to be at risk. In North America, the report said "the continued drive towards intensification and specialisation has resulted in the increased reliance on a smaller number of breeds to meet the demand for food." Experts worry most that farmers will have a shrinking pool of breeds to draw on to keep up with changing soil conditions, pests and new diseases.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.