Using threats of protectionism to open markets

Some industrial countries use the threat of protection as a lever to open other countries' markets.
Counter Claim:
At first glance this seems an almost benign strategy, opening markets to trade rather than closing markets by protection. However, it is really government management of trade. Each individual bilateral trade deal may seem insignificant, but it invites further political action of the same kind and undermines the system of rules governing trade in the GATT. Such arrangements may backfire, as happened with the USA-Japan accord on trade in semiconductors, when firms in the USA suffered rather than gained from the protection and the failures of the accord seemed to sow the seeds of further conflict.
Type Classification:
E: Emanations of other strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality