By making use of part-time work the employer can cushion peaks in demand, extend the working time and raise productivity, and shorten the working time for some specific jobs.
Some variations on part-time work are so unfavourable to the workers that trade unions have combatted them strongly. This is the case for: 1. Contracts that provide only a minimum and a maximum working time; 2. Summons contracts that provide for a weekly working time between zero and forty hours; 3. Some other sophisticated forms of variable part-time regulations, such as contracts that guarantee a minimum annual employment or an average weekly working time, and which stipulate in addition that both the work timetable and the working time can vary (both daily and weekly) but that the monthly wages are fixed. Such contracts usually link maximum flexibility for employers with awful wage and working conditions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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