Private landlords can charge deposits as security against breaches of the tenancy agreement - usually non-payment of rent or damage to furniture and fittings. The deposit is usually returnable unless the landlord makes a claim against it.
Some countries have compulsory schemes under which an independent third party holds the deposit during the tenancy and decides whether the landlord should be given any of it at the end. There is much to recommend such schemes. The UK government is proposing a voluntary, self-financing scheme to ensure that tenants' deposits are held safely and to provide an independent arbitration service to deal with disputes.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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