Requiring market transparency in electronic commerce

Requiring business information for e-commerce
Determine the necessary minimum of information that businesses have to provide to achieve sufficient market transparency in electronic transactions.
From the consumer's point of view it's necessary to know who the partner of the contract is and where the supplier is located. According to the national laws in many countries it is often necessary to publish the name of a person who is allowed to represent the company. In some countries this is a necessary pre-condition to file claims in legal proceedings. Apart from this specific problem the following details about the supplier are important: 1. name of the company; 2. geographic address of the company; 3. phone, fax and e-mail numbers of the company; and 4. any relevant registration or license number and the name and address of the body by which the business is registered or authorized.

To make the use of electronic offers as convenient as possible and to provide consumers a basis for purchase decisions, they must know, at least, the following : 1. geographic targeting, length and validity of the offer; 2. price and currency of the purchase including all relevant costs, including, for example, such items as actual costs of delivery, postage and handling, insurance and customer taxes and duties; 3. any safety or care warnings required by relevant national laws as well as instructions for proper use, where necessary; and 4. for offers targeted to other than the suppliers' home country, additional duties and taxes or an easy accessible source where the consumer can get these information.

Before buying consumers should be informed about the terms and conditions of the transaction, including such items as: 1. the main characteristics of the goods or services; 2. terms of payment including a clear description of the procedure; 3. information on the liability of the supplier for fraudulent use of consumers' personal data provided by them online; 4. terms of delivery including the time period of delivery; 5. guarantees, warranties or other provisions relating to after-sales service; 6. details of any cooling-off period; 7. information on the complaint procedure conditions related to return, exchange, cancellation, refund policy; and 8. privacy policy.

Confirmation concerning the details of an order should contain such items as: 1. the date and the number of the order; 2. the shipping address; 3. the number of items and name of the product; and 4. the price the consumer has to pay as a whole.

1. For cases of any dispute related to the contract the consumers must be informed about the applicable law and jurisdiction and procedures for redress.
Type Classification:
E: Emanations of other strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production