Used by the League of Arab States against companies doing business with Israel. Used by the USA to penalize companies and countries that engage in business with Cuba, circumventing the economic sanctions imposed by the USA.
Economic sanctions can be a useful and legitimate way for a country to place pressure on other countries to modify policies that are considered offensive. Where such sanctions are not respected, it is legitimate for secondary sanctions to be imposed in order indirectly to punish those who practice such policies.
Secondary boycotts often offend the sovereignty of allies. They may invite retaliation and may violate international trading treaties.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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