Protecting endangered species of birds Reducing number of birds at risk of extinction Preventing extinction of bird species at risk
Long fishing lines that spare the dolphin but kill albatrosses is a problem everyone wants to solve, for even the fishermen would sooner catch fish than birds. According to a 1995 report, various solutions were tried, such as attaching streamers to the back of the boat to scare away the birds or casting the hooks away from the ship's wake so they will sink faster. Norway went further, by adapting its boats to cast out the lines from under the stern, so the baited hooks never break the surface, whereas New Zealand wanted a ban on long lines.
At its precipitous rate of decline, all efforts may come too late to save the wandering albatross from oblivion.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.