Practicing flexible working Advancing employee flexibilization Working under atypical arrangements
Pursuing a more individual approach to work by employees; or the ability of workers to adjust their labour situation in a flexible and adequate way to their (changing) personal living circumstances. Employees seem to be interesting chiefly in flexible working time, both its length and its adjustment to personal needs.
The regular labour pattern may be defined as having the following characteristics: (a) full-time; (b) working hours between 08:00 and 18:00; (c) employment contract of unlimited duration; (d) function consisting of a limited number of clearly described tasks; (e) fixed or structural wages. Employment contracts are flexible if the duration, the scope and the wages vary in time or between (groups of) employees.
Better working circumstances have improved the welfare of employees. The role patterns are changing. More and more women are gaining access to the labour market and the number of two-income families is increasing. This has made it possible to choose between leisure and labour. The individual can make a conscious choice between the quantity of time he or she wishes to spend on obtaining a given buying power. Changing patterns of life require new forms of flexible work. In two-person and two-parent families, flexibility may be required in consideration of their private division of roles, such as fetching a child from school or shopping. Single parents and individual workers will present both similar and different preferences for ordering their paid work with their career planning, leisure, family life and other activities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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