Preserving socio-economic structure Sustaining societal foundation Providing social base
Socio-economic structure is the economic system viewed from the aspect of its human organizational requirements to produce goods and services and the social consequences of this organization, particularly considered as the various classes, according to their ownership of the means of production and to the unequal distribution of income and wealth. Some socioeconomic structures are the clan or tribe (with patriarchal or matriarchal rulership); the feudal or aristocratic (with ownership of Slaves or serfs); the individualistic (mixed-market, free-market, bourgeois, capitalistic); and the collective or communal (cooperative, socialist, communist). Socioeconomic structure in the feudal and individualistic economies is determined by the power of production and ownership of wealth. In the tribal and communal economies power (hence position and structure) is conferred by the functions or offices of distribution of tasks, information and resources. The individualistic economies tend towards structures that are unlimitedly oligarchic and consequently and inevitably democratic. The communal or collective economies tend towards a monolithic, centralized, bureaucratic-apparatus structure of pyramidal proportions with a limited oligarchy inevitably autocratic.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.