Using affirmative discrimination Promoting racial quotas Promoting gender quotas Taking affirmative action against discrimination Promoting affirmative action
Affirmative action, gives preference to discriminated groups in society as defined by race and gender, physical disability or any other category where those members are typically subjected to discrimination. Affirmative action includes setting racial or gender quotas in employment situations and educational admission procedures, to overcome past discrimination and prevent further discrimination against discriminated groups.
When a society continues to be discriminatory towards certain groups, whilst its law protects or adheres to the rights of all people, affirmative action will effective promote opportunity for discriminated groups in situations where otherwise they would be denied opportunity because of discrimination.
Affirmative action is meant to reduce discrimination by giving preference to discriminated groups over non-discriminated groups in employment and other opportunity situations. However, this can lead to reverse discrimination or the discrimination of non-discriminated groups. For instance, racial or gender quotas in employment are anti-merit when individuals from discriminated-groups are given the job in preference of "non-discriminated" people who have more merit for the job. Anti-merit discrimination is wrong. Affirmative action does not promote equal opportunity. It is a top-down social "band-aid" approach that in the long term does not serve society well. Affirmative action lessens individual responsibility, when it is individual responsibility that should be focused on in order to facilitate reducing discrimination and promoting equal opportunity.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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