In October 1993, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Office for Special Relief Operations deployed 1.5 million doses of live vaccine to Egypt to help control the latest outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF). RVF is a highly contagious viral disease that causes high rates of abortion and neonatal mortality in cattle, goats, and sheep, that can also be transmitted to humans, occasionally causing death. After international expert consultants and an FAO expert consultant assessed the extent of the epidemic, they urged Egypt's Veterinary Service to begin an immediate full-scale control programme. Aside from applying the FAO vaccine, measures adopted included restrictions on animal movements, strengthened control of the mosquitoes that carry the disease, and domestic production of the vaccine.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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