Harvesting water

Practicing rainwater harvesting
In many areas of the world, particularly arid and semi-arid areas, unregulated overland flow originating from desert storms and seasonal rains means a loss of scarce water. With rainwater harvesting this water can be used. Techniques for rainwater harvesting vary from simple micro-catchments consisting of runoff areas and basin depressions in which trees are planted, to roadside collection from surfaced highways, rooftop collection off houses and agricultural greenhouses, to whole hillside management plans with terracing and contour management. The technology involved in applying rainwater harvesting in the field is not complicated and can be adapted to the local environmental conditions of arid zones.

It has been concluded from various studies that extremely arid zones with less than 100mm of winter rainfall are too dry for micro-catchments, and in zones with 200mm, each tree requires aproximately 40 square metres of basin area and 60 square metres of runoff area.

Pastoralism (goats, sheep, cattle, camels, and donkeys), supplemented by fishing and agriculture, is the primary economic activity of the Turkana District, northwest Kenya. The Food-For-Work (FFW) camps originated in 1980, following a severe famine in the north of the district, which lead to a total of 80,000 people receiving relief food aid through an EEC-funded project. This number steadily declined; figures for 1986 indicated that about 10,000 people were employed on FFW schemes in the District. Much of this FFW has been on large-scale water-harvesting related schemes.
Type Classification:
G: Very Specific strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation