Pharmaceutical companies are turning to indigenous knowledge-based forms of healing for new medicinal plants and they are walking away with million dollar deals. In general, very little money goes back to the communities and the healers who shared their knowledge. There are many different ideas as to how the money should be distributed. The role of bridging the gap between the traditional communities and the pharmaceutical companies should be filled with anthropologists and ethnobiologists. They can facilitate a partnership agreement that will benefit both the indigenous community and industrial society.