Endangering species Accelerating extinctions of species Causing accelerated extinction of plants and animals
The OECD reported (2002) that, on current trends, by 2025 15% of all forest species will be extinct.
The Earth may need 10 million years to recover from the significant reduction in species diversity caused by humans, regardless of the scale of extinctions. This could be because new species cannot simply evolve to fill empty niches. Instead, completely new niches must develop. The long delay is a measure of the time it takes to recreate a diverse ecosystem with a wide variety of niches.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.