Physical methods of killing animals are quick and humane if carried out competently in the context of routine handling with which the animal is familiar. It is essential, however, that the physical method is only employed by those who are trained and fully confident that they can perform the technique which is appropriate to the size and species of animal. No person should be expected to kill an animal unless they are willing and feel confident to do so in the prescribed manner. When using methods which do not cause instantaneous death, the aim should be to induce unconsciousness as quickly as possible using a method which ensures that animals remain unconscious until they die. Death must be confirmed before animals are disposed of or left unattended. An animal may be regarded as continuing to live until the permanent cessation of the circulation or the destruction of its brain.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.