Structuring allocation systems to provide for basic needs
At the Social Development Summit (Copenhagen, 1994), the 20-20 principle was supported, in which donor countries assign 20 percent of their aid to the development of programmes designed to meet basic social needs, with receiving countries assigning 20 percent of their budget to similar programmes, as a voluntary, bilateral gesture. The Summit also repeated previous agreements, including the recommendation that countries assign 0.7 percent of their Gross National Product to developmental aid, and the decision made in Paris in 1994, to study on a case-by-case basis the cancellation of all or part of the poorest nations' foreign debt. Delegates accepted ambitious goals in the areas of health and education; however they rejected a proposal of the poor countries' for the creation of an anti-poverty fund, to be financed by an international tax on speculative financial transactions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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