Structuring allocation systems to provide for basic needs
At the Social Development Summit (Copenhagen, 1994), the 20-20 principle was supported, in which donor countries assign 20 percent of their aid to the development of programmes designed to meet basic social needs, with receiving countries assigning 20 percent of their budget to similar programmes, as a voluntary, bilateral gesture. The Summit also repeated previous agreements, including the recommendation that countries assign 0.7 percent of their Gross National Product to developmental aid, and the decision made in Paris in 1994, to study on a case-by-case basis the cancellation of all or part of the poorest nations' foreign debt. Delegates accepted ambitious goals in the areas of health and education; however they rejected a proposal of the poor countries' for the creation of an anti-poverty fund, to be financed by an international tax on speculative financial transactions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.